The Southern California Port of Long Beach entered its next era of environmentally sustainable operations on Friday with the completion of the Long Beach Container Terminal (LBCT) at Middle Harbor, which Long Beach Mayor Robert Garcia called “one of the greenest ports in America.”
The Port of Long Beach can now be considered one of the most technologically advanced cargo facilities in the world, officials said. Equipped with nearly all electric and zero-emissions equipment, LBCT at Middle Harbor is designed to strengthen competitiveness, improve cargo flow and dramatically enhance air quality amid an era of significant growth at the nation’s second-busiest seaport.
“As the world’s first all-electric, zero-emission mega terminal, LBCT sets the industry standard for moving cargo sustainably while keeping the Port competitive and supporting vital jobs,” Mario Cordero, executive director of the Port of Long Beach, said. “It is truly a technological marvel that will allow us to increase our throughput, improve air quality and maintain our status as a leading gateway for trans-Pacific trade.”
Long Beach Harbor Commission president Steven Neal said the new terminal charts a new course for greener cargo operations and “strengthens our ongoing commitment to the Green Port Policy and San Pedro Bay Ports Clean Air Action Plan enacted about 15 years ago.”
The final phase of LBCT at Middle Harbor adds container capacity to the Port of Long Beach and “ensures the speedy, secure and sustainable delivery of millions of cargo containers for decades to come,” Long Beach Container Terminal CEO Anthony Otto said.
Construction of the $1.49 billion project started in May 2011. The first part of the terminal opened five years later with the completion of Phase 1, allowing the terminal to begin operations across an initial 151 acres. Phase 2 wrapped up in October 2017, expanding the facility to 191 acres.
The third and final phase concluded in July, growing the terminal to 300 acres with a completed container yard, an administration building, and an on-dock rail yard designed to handle 1.1 million TEUs (20-foot cargo containers or equivalent units) annually to minimize truck traffic on local roads and freeways. In addition, 14 of the most modern ship-to-shore gantry cranes line a new, 4,200-foot-long concrete wharf capable of accommodating three massive ships at once, make the Port of Long Beach “big ship” ready into the future. Another 3 acres will be added in 2025 with the opening of the North Gate Expansion, completing the terminal with 303 acres.
All ships calling at the terminal plug into shore power connections while berthed, allowing them to shut down diesel engines and connect to the landside electrical grid. All major structures are built with features to save power and water, meeting strict gold-level Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) standards.
With an annual capacity of 3.3 million TEUs, LBCT by itself would rank as America’s sixth-busiest seaport, capable of moving twice the cargo with less than half of the air pollution of the two terminals it replaces. Increased trade moving through the terminal is generating 14,000 permanent new jobs in Southern California. Additionally, unionized labor at LBCT operates the all-electric ship-to-shore cranes, staffs the control center for operations and maintains the technology.