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Cloudiest Tokyo Summer in 129 Years Hits Japan’s Retailers

Japan’s unusually long and cool rainy season dampened demand for apparel, furniture and other goods, with some retailers already reporting steep drops in merchandise sales.

Shimamura Co., a chain of affordable clothing shops, reported last week that same-store sales through July 20 fell 18 percent from a year earlier. Many of Shimamura’s customers reach the company’s 1,433 locations in Japan via bicycle, rather than cars, so rainy days tend to have an outsized impact on revenue, a spokeswoman said.

So far, Tokyo has seen only about 50 daylight hours in July, among the least since the Japan Meteorological Agency began keeping records in 1890. There was one less Sunday this year compared with July 2018, and rain and overcast skies also kept people at home, especially on weekends. Given that Japan’s retailers, especially Uniqlo operator Fast Retailing Co., are sensitive to seasonal weather trends, they will probably report weaker monthly sales in the coming week, according to Michael Allen, an analyst at Jefferies.

“All apparel retailers are likely to have suffered,” Allen wrote in a report, adding that the average temperature from July 1 to 25 was 22.7 degrees Celsius (73 degrees Fahrenheit), compared with 28.3 degrees a year earlier.

Right On Co., an apparel company with 495 shops and a web store, reported a 5.9 percent decline in same-store sales through July 20, pointing to weak demand for summer clothing. Furniture retailer Nitori Holdings Co. posted a 5.6 percent drop in same-store sales through the same period, as fewer people bought bedding and other seasonal products. Representatives for Nitori and Right On declined to comment.

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Retailer Report date Jefferies Estimate July 2019 July 2018
Fast Retailing (Uniqlo Japan) Aug. 2 -18% -0.3%
Ryohin Keikaku Co. Aug. 2 -4.5% +7.1%
Adastria Co. Aug. 2 -2.8% -8.6%
United Arrows Ltd. Aug. 2 -1.4% +4.5%
World Co. Aug. 5 n/a -6.7%
TSI Holdings Co. Aug. 10 n/a -5.7%

Shimamura’s shares fell 3.5 percent on Wednesday after reporting its lowest monthly same-store sales since 2003. Nitori’s stock was off slightly for the week. Fast Retailing hit a record of 69,810 yen on July 12 and the shares are up 19 percent this year, bolstered by overseas sales.

The Meteorological Agency declared an end to this year’s rainy season for the Kanto area—which includes Tokyo—on Monday, a month later than last year’s unusually short season. That’s also likely to exaggerate comparisons this year.

Chilly weather hurt demand for summer outfits such as women’s short-sleeve shirts and undergarments, Shimamura said. United Arrows, which has more than a dozen fashion brands, may have been able to mitigate the impact of the weather because a fifth of their sales are online, a spokeswoman said. Some customers also buy fashion items earlier for autumn regardless of the recent temperature, she added.

“While customer traffic at physical stores of apparel companies could be affected by the rainy season in July, shoppers likely switched to buy online,” said Catherine Lim, an analyst at Bloomberg Intelligence. “The impact to overall sales for larger companies with an established e-commerce platform such as Fast Retailing may be less severe.”

(Updates with official end of rainy season in seventh paragraph.)
Reporting by Kantaro Komiya.